By Sari Custer
Gravity got you down? Explore ways to overcome it by building and testing an anti-gravity device. Earth’s gravity is what keeps us on the ground and what causes objects to fall. Inertia, or Newton’s First Law of Motion, states that objects at rest tend to stay at rest and objects in motion tend to stay in motion (unless acted on by an outside force). Centripetal forces are any forces (gravitational, electrical/atomic, or tension) that move inward, toward the fixed center of the circular motion. In this activity, the string attached to the cup creates a centripetal force and when the circular motion of the cup moves faster than the horizontal motion (inertia) of the water/objects. As a result, the water/objects stay in the cup.
• A 9 oz. paper or plastic cup
• One (1) sharpened pencil
• One to five (1-5) pennies or marbles
• Water
• Two 2-ft. long pieces of string
1. Using the pencil, punch one hole in the cup ½ inch below the rim.
2. Punch a second hole on the opposite side of the cup ½ inch below the rim.
3. Thread one piece of string through each hole and tie them off.
4. Place pennies, marbles, or water in the cup.
5. Investigate how you can prevent the materials from falling out of the cup when upside down.

Repeat steps four through five with pennies, marbles, and water.
1. What direction does gravity point?
2. What is inertia?
3. What things resist the force of gravity by moving in the opposite direction?
4. How can you prevent gravity from making the water spill out of the cup when it is turned upside down without placing your hand over the top of the cup?
5. When you tested your anti-gravity device, what was it that prevented the penny, marble, or water from spilling out?
You can learn a bunch more about gravity and more when you visit the Arizona Science Center. Be sure to stop by the Dorrance Planetarium and Forces of Nature! Visit for more information!
Sari Custer is a lifelong science junkie, Chief Curiosity Officer at Arizona Science Center, and mom to daughter Carson, 7. Follow her on Twitter and Instagram @SariOnScience.